Glossary

Poker has a lot of it’s own specific words and terms. This glossary will help you to understand them better and quickly immerse into the world of poker.

  • A

    • Action is  a player’s lead. It is when a player has to choose between checking (not betting), calling (equalizing a stake), betting (staking a sum of money), raising (increasing the bet) and folding (passing on current hand). Action is struggling for the pot when players bet and the winner gets the Pot.

    • All-in means to bet all the chips you currently have in your stack. Staking everything in the middle of a hand, a player waits for the showdown and, in the case of winning, takes only the part of the pot, which had been accumulated by his or her actions.

    • Ante is a necessary bet players make before a hand is dealt.

  • B

    • Bankroll is the total amount of a players’ money, the amount he or she needs to join a game.

    • Bet is first bet made in the current round. If the bet was not the first, it will be considered a call, raise or fold.

    • Big blind is a forced bet made before a hand starts. It is made by the player sitting second clockwise from the Dealer.

    • Blind is a forced bet made by the players sitting in a certain position (small or big blind) before the hand starts. See: Big blind, Small blind.

    • Bluff means an attempt to delude the rivals and persuade them that you have a stronger hand than you really do.

    • Board is five community cards exposed on the river (among them 3 are exposed on the flops, 1 on the turn and 1 on the river).

    • Button is 1. A special token bearing letter «D» indicating the player dealing the cards. 2. The position of the player a hand begins with.

    • Buy-in is an amount of money a player joins the table with or entrance fee for participation in a game or a tournament.

  • C

    • Call is an action at the poker table. To call means to respond, to add a sum to the pot equal to that of the previous players’.

    • Calling Station is a slang word for players who tend to call almost every bet. For such a player it doesn’t matter how strong his hand is he or she will call any bet most of the times. Learn more about poker slang in «The Poker Glossary: Bad Players» article.

    • Cash is money. Those can be in-game currency or real money. Texas Poker uses only in-game currency.

    • Cash game or Ring Game is the most common non-tournament type of poker game. Players can join and leave the table as well as buy chips into the game at any time.

    • Check is an action at the table. To check means to pass the action to the next player without betting. The player does not put anything into the pot but does not leave the game.

    • Check Raise is an action when a player checks intentionally to raise another players’ bet made in the same betting round.

    • Chipleader is a player with the largest chip stack at the table.

    • Community cards are 5 cards on the table that all the players can see. These cards are revealed in rounds in the following order — 3 on the flop, 1 on the turn, and 1 on the river.

    • Connector is a term for two sequential cards, for example, 8–9. They can be suited or unsuited. Getting a connector, you stand a better chance to have a straight.

    • Cut the pot is the same as «Rake», that is, a percent of each pot the casino charges for its services.

  • D

    • Deal is a process of pocket cards dealing in the beginning of each hand.

    • Dealer is the player actually dealing the cards or the one sitting in the dealer position. In online poker this position is nominal. The dealer position rotates around the table clockwise after each hand is completed. This position is indicated by the special token bearing «D» letter on it.

    • Deck is a card stack.

    • Dominated hand means that players have the same hands. But one of the players' kickers is higher. It means that this player has a dominated hand and he or she will be the winner.

    • Donkey is a slang word for a really bad poker player. Such players often have a basic grasp on the game; however, they rarely use their knowledge, or often misuse it. Learn more about poker slang in «The Poker Glossary: Bad Players» article.

    • Downswing is a streak of bad luck when a player sustains extended losses, as a rule, because of weak hands.

  • F

    • Fish is a slang word for a newbie. Such players are new to the game, usually playing in a very unsophisticated style. Learn more about poker slang in «The Poker Glossary: Bad Players» article.

    • Floating is a bluff technique when a player calls in one of the betting rounds hoping to retake the initiative in a later round.

    • Flop is the second betting round when the first three cards revealed on the table.

    • Flush is a poker combination consisting of five cards of the same suit. Learn more in the «Combinations» section.

    • Flush Draw is an uncompleted flush, a hand that lacks one card to become a flush.

    • Fold (Pass) is an action at the poker table. To fold means to refuse playing this hand further. After folding you won’t be able to take any actions until next hand.

    • Four of a Kind is a combination made of any four cards of the same rank.

    • Free card. After all the players have checked, the next card is dealt. Since the players did not pay anything to see that card, it is conventionally called «free».

    • Freeroll is 1. A situation when two players have equally strong hands on the flop and, as a result, the same opportunity to win; however, one of them holds a flush draw standing a better chance to win 2. A tournament you need not pay to take part in.

    • Full House is a poker combination consisting of a pair and three of a kind. Learn more in the «Combinations» section.

  • G

    • Gold coins is an in-game currency you can use to pay for gifts, property, VIP-status and participation in tournaments.

  • H

    • Hand is five cards forming a poker combination of hole and community cards.

    • Head-uр is a final round. A situation when there are only two players left in the game who are struggling for the Pot.

    • High Card is either a strongest card in hand or a kicker considered as a combination when none of the players has got at least a pair or any other combination. Learn more in the «Combinations» section.

    • Highroller is a player who plays on high limits.

  • K

    • Kicker is a card determining the winner in case no one at the table has succeeded in getting a combination. In this case, the one having the highest card wins the hand.

  • L

    • Limit is maximum or minimum possible bets in the game.

    • Lobby is an in-game menu enabling you to examine the list of currently active games and the corresponding information about them (game speed, blind size, number of seats at the table, etc.) and allowing you to choose a table.

    • Long-handed table or a Full table is a table for 7 to 10 players.

    • Loose is «free playing» when a person plays many hands.

    • Loose aggressive style implies that a large number of hands is played and in very aggressive way.

    • Loose passive style is recognized by lots of calls and checks made by a particular player. Rare raises and folds. Generally considered a weak style of play used by novice players.

    • Luckbox is a slang word for a lucky poker player. This word can be applied to a clueless newbie, but it can be used just as often with a skilled player who gets an unfair share of luck. A skilled player may consider this word as great insult. Learn more about poker slang in «The Poker Glossary: Bad Players» article.

  • M

    • Main pot forms when an all-in player appears. On the showdown, he or she can only receive winnings from the main pot accumulated before the all-in; the other players participate in a side pot formed as a result of subsequent betting.

    • Maniac is a slang word for an aggressive player who bet too often and too much. Learn more about poker slang in «The Poker Glossary: Bad Players» article.

    • Middle position is one of positions at the table, which follows early positions (blinds and UTG).

  • N

    • Nuts is the best possible hand, the strongest combination. A combination is called nuts if it surpasses similar ones in the hand.

  • O

    • Odds (Pot odds) is the word meaning the chances to receive the out and win the hand.

    • Out is a card you need to improve your hand in order to get a better combination.

    • Overbet is a bet exceeding the pot size.

  • P

    • Pocket cards are players' personal cards the other players cannot see, dealt out face down before the betting round begins.

    • Poker face is an expression of indifference or any other emotion, aimed at deluding rivals and not betraying the real strength of your cards.

    • Poker room is an online poker website or software where people play for real money.

    • Position is the players’ seat at the table. Positions can be early, middle and late. A players’ position depends on the Dealer’s location. Learn about the details in the «Positions at the table» section.

    • Post-flop is a general name of all betting rounds. Post-flop consists of Flop, Turn and River.

    • Pot is the total prize pool consisting of the money players bet during the current hand. The winner of the hand receives the pot.

    • Pot odds is a ratio between the pot size and the bet size.

    • Pre-flop is the first round. Two pocket cards are dealt to each of the players and three cards are placed on the table face down.

  • R

    • Rainbow is a hand consisting of cards of different suits. For example, rainbow flop means that all the cards exposed on the table are of different suits.

    • Raise is an action at the poker table. To raise means to increase the current bet made by a previous player betting.

    • Rake (Cut the pot) is a casino percent, a share of each pot charged by the casino in return for its services.

    • Rank is the first part of a card name meaning the value of the card. There are 13 different denominations. From highest to lowest they are ace (A), king (K), queen (Q), Jack (J), ten (T), 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2.

    • Re-raise is raising the bet after one of the players has raised. A player at the earlier position than you increases the bet and then you increase it once again.

    • River is the forth round when the last fifth card is revealed on the table.

    • Royal Flush is the best possible poker combination consisting of a ten, jack, queen, king and ace all of the same suit. See also the «Combinations» section.

  • S

    • Satellite is a tournament in which you can win an opportunity to enter another tournament.

    • Set is a combination consisting of three cards of the same suit. Learn more in the «Combinations» section.

    • Shark is slang word for a strong player who plays aggressively attacking flounders in order to seize their stacks.

    • Shootout is a tournament of elimination: to win, you have to succeed in game at three tables.

    • Shorthanded table is a table for 3 to 6 players.

    • Shortstack is a stack, which is much smaller than those belonging to the other players.

    • Showdown is exposing of players’ cards. The betting has been completed, the players are comparing their hands in order to determine the winner getting the pot.

    • Side pot is a pot formed as a result of betting after one of the players' goes all-in. The player who bets everything cannot receive this pot even If he or she wins. In the case of winning, he or she will get the main pot only.

    • Sit and go  is a single-table tournament type implying that the tournament starts as soon as the required number of players have take their seats at the table. As a rule, the pot is spanided between the three winners.

    • Small blind is a forced bet made before the hand starts. The player sitting to the immediate left from the Dealer makes it.

    • Split pot is what happens if two players have same combinations of the same rank, when high cards fail to resolve the situation. In this case pot is shared evenly between these two players.

    • Stack is a total number of chips a player currently has at his disposal.

    • Straight is a poker combination consisting of five sequential cards. Learn more in the «Combinations» section.

    • Straight Draw is an uncompleted straight, a hand, which lacks one or more cards to become a straight.

    • Straight Flush is a poker combination consisting of five consequential cards of the same suit. Learn more in the «Combinations» section.

    • Street is a term used to name game periods depending on dealing cards or betting rounds. For example, turn is dealing of the forth card to the board and thus it is called the forth street.

    • Suit is the second part of a card name following card rank. There are 4 suits: clubs, diamonds, hearts and spades.

  • T

    • Texas Hold’em is the most popular kind of poker. Texas Poker application follows Texas Hold’em rules. You can learn more about the rules in «Game rules» section.

    • Tight is a style of play implying that only the best hands are selected for play.

    • Tilt is emotional playing that implies losses and lack of rational thinking. There are such types of tilt as aggressive (when a player plays loosely ignoring his bankroll) and passive (when a player does not play aggressively enough even having a strong hand).

    • To grind is to play on a given limit without taking much risk beneath ones’ abilities.

    • Turn is the forth street, the forth round of betting and the forth card revealed on the table.

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